Wednesday, January 29, 2014

22 Medical Studies That Show Vaccines Can Cause Autism

22 Medical Studies That Show Vaccines Can Cause Autism


By: Arjun Walia

Concerns regarding vaccinations continue to increase exponentially in light of all of the information and documentation that has surfaced over the past few years. As a result, corporate media has responded to alternative media, stating that the increase of persons who are choosing to opt out of vaccines and the recommended vaccine schedule is a result of ‘fear mongering.’

This may not be too surprising as the corporate media is owned by the major vaccine manufacturers, and the major vaccine manufacturers are owned by corporate media(1)(2)(3)(4). Given this fact, it’s easy to fathom the possibility that these institutions are desperately trying to protect the reputation of their product.

For example, if we take a look at GlaxoSmithKline and Pfizer, they are owned by the same financial institutions and groups that own Time Warner (CNN, HBO etc.) and General Electric (NBC, Comcast, Universal Pictures etc.).(1)(2)(3)(4) This is seen throughout all of the major vaccine manufacturers and all of the 6 corporations that control our mainstream media. Keep in mind that these are the major funders of all ‘medical research’ that’s used to administer drugs and vaccinations. Despite these connections, medical research and documentation exists to show that vaccines might indeed be a cause for concern.

Vaccines and Autism, Both Sides of The Coin

Here we will simply present information from both sides of the coin because many are not even aware that two sides exist. We’ve presented multiple studies, citing multiple research papers and published research conducted by doctors and universities from all across the world. Here is an example of a paper that describes how vaccine manufactures and medical ‘experts’ with drug industry connections have been aware of the multiple dangers associated with vaccinations for over 30 years. We’d also like to present medical research that indicates the many dangers associated with vaccines, and have done this on multiple occasions. We do this because the safety of vaccinations is commonly pushed by the mainstream media, without ever mentioning or citing the abundant medical research that should also be taken into consideration when discussing vaccinations. Please keep in mind that there is evidence on both sides. At the same time, some of the evidence on the side that negates a positive outlook on vaccination has been labelled fraudulent, but then again many haven’t.


The vaccine-autism debate has been going on for years. It has been a tale of shifting beliefs as child vaccination rates remain high. On February 1998, Andrew Wakefield, a British gastroenterologist and his colleagues published a paper that supposedly linked Autism to Vaccines(5). More specifically, he claimed that the MMR vaccine was responsible for intestinal inflammation that led to translocation of usually non-permeable peptides to the bloodstream and, subsequently, to the brain, where they affected development(5). His work was unpublished, and he lost his medical license despite the fact multiple studies seem to support Andrew Wakefield’s work (here is one example, and here is another.) He has been labelled a fraud by the mainstream medical world, some experts claim that his research and methods are weak and based on very little evidence. Dr Wakefield’s research will NOT be used in this article.

At the same time I must mention that multiple studies from around the world have concluded that there is no link between Autism and the MMR Vaccine(5). It can become quite confusing a subject given that we have multiple medical studies contradicting each other. Was Dr. Wakefield exposing something that the medical industry did not want you to know? It is known that vaccine manufacturers suppress harmful data regarding their product, as mentioned and illustrated earlier in the article. Regardless of the MMR vaccine and autism debate, there are still a number of studies that link vaccines to a possible autism connection. Please keep in mind that multiple courts worldwide have ruled in favour of vaccines causing autism, brain damage and other complications (6)(7), that include the MMR vaccine.


1. A study published in the journal Annals of Epidemiology has shown that giving the Hepatitis B vaccine to newborn baby boys could triple the risk of developing an autism spectrum disorder compared to boys who were not vaccinated as neonates. The research was conducted at Stony Brook University Medical Center, NY.

2. A study published in the Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry by researchers at the Neural Dynamics Group, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences at the University of British Columbia determined that Aluminum, a highly neurotoxic metal and the most commonly used vaccine adjuvant may be a significant contributing factor to the rising prevalence of ASD in the Western World. They showed that the correlation between ASD prevalence and the Aluminum adjuvant exposure appears to be the highest at 3-4 months of age. The studies also show that children from countries with the highest ASD appear to have a much higher exposure to Aluminum from vaccines. The study points out that several prominent milestones of brain development coincide with major vaccination periods for infants. These include the onset of synaptogenesis (birth), maximal growth velocity of the hippocampus and the onset of amygdala maturation. Furthermore, major developmental transition in many bio-behavioural symptoms such as sleep, temperature regulation, respiration and brain wave patterns, all of which are regulated by the neuroendocrine network. Many of these aspects of brain function are known to be impaired in autism, such as sleeping and brain wave patterns.

According to the FDA, vaccines represent a special category of drugs as they are generally given to healthy individuals. Further according to the FDA, “this places significant emphasis on their vaccine safety”. While the FDA does set an upper limit for Aluminum in vaccines at no more that 850/mg/dose, it is important to note that this amount was selected empirically from data showing that Aluminum in such amounts enhanced the antigenicity of the vaccine, rather than from existing safety. Given that the scientific evidence appears to indicate that vaccine safety is not as firmly established as often believed, it would seem ill advised to exclude paediatric vaccinations as a possible cause of adverse long-term neurodevelopment outcomes , including those associated with autism.


3. A study published in the Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A: Current Issues by the Department of Economics and Finance at the University of New York shows how researchers suspect one or more environmental triggers are needed to develop autism, regardless of whether individuals have a genetic predisposition or not. They determined that one of those triggers might be the “battery of vaccinations that young children receive.” Researchers found a positive and statistically significant relationship between autism and vaccinations. They determined that the higher the proportion of children receiving recommended vaccinations, the higher the prevalence of autism. A 1 % increase in vaccination was associated with an additional 680 children having autism. The results suggest that vaccines may be linked to autism and encourages more in depth study before continually administering these vaccines.

4. A study published in the Journal of Toxicology by the Department of Neurosurgery at The Methodist Neurological Institute in Houston has shown that ASD is a disorder caused by a problem in brain development. They looked at B-cells and their sensitivity levels to thimerosal, a commonly used additive in many vaccines. They determined that ASD patients have a heightened sensitivity to thimerosal which would restrict cell proliferation that is typically found after vaccination. The research shows that individuals who have this hypersensitivity to thimerosal could make them highly susceptible to toxins like thimerosal, and that individuals with a mild mitochondrial defect may be affected by thimerosal. The fact that ASD patients’ B cells exhibit hypersensitivity to thimerosal tells us something.

5. A study published in the Journal of Biomedical Sciences determined that the autoimmunity to the central nervous system may play a causal role in autism. Researchers discovered that because many autistic children harbour elevated levels of measles antibodies, they should conduct a serological study of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) and myelin basic protein (MBP) autoantibodies. They used serum samples of 125 autistic children and 92 controlled children. Their analysis showed a significant increase in the level of MMR antibodies in autistic children. The study concludes that the autistic children had an inappropriate or abnormal antibody response to MMR. The study determined that autism could be a result from an atypical measles infection that produces neurological symptoms in some children. The source of this virus could be a variant of MV, or it could be the MMR vaccine.

6. Study published in the Annals of Clinical Psychiatry suggests that Autism is likely triggered by a virus, and that measles virus (MV and/or MMR vaccine) might be a very good candidate. It supports the hypothesis that a virus-dincued autoimmune response may play a causal role in autism.

7. A study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition determined that an increased vulnerability to oxidative stress and decreased capacity for methylation may contribute to the development and clinical manifestation of autism. It’s well known that viral infections cause increased oxidative stress. Research suggests that metals, including those found in many vaccines are directly involved in increasing oxidative stress.

8. A study published by the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences at Northeastern University, Boston determined that a novel growth factor signalling pathway that regulates methionine synthase(MS) activity and thereby modulates methylation reactions. The potent inhibition of this pathway by ethanol, lead, mercury, aluminum and thimerosal suggests that it may be an important target of neurodevelopmental toxins. You can read more about thishere, and here. You can read more about the MS/autism link here

9. A study published in the Journal of Child Neurology examined the question of what is leading to the apparent increase in autism. They expressed that if there is any link between autism and mercury, it is crucial that the first reports of the question are not falsely stating that no link occurs. Researchers determined that a significant relation does exist between the blood levels of mercury and the diagnosis of an autism spectrum disorder.

10. A study published in the Journal of Child Neurology noted that autistic spectrum disorders can be associated with mitochondrial dysfunction. Researchers determined that children who have mitochondrial-related dysfunctional cellular energy metabolism might be more prone to undergo autistic regression between 18 and 30 months of age if they also have infections or immunizations at the same time.

11. A study conducted by Massachusetts General Hospital at the Centre for Morphometric Analysis by the department of Paediatric Neurology illustrates how autistic brains have a growth spurt shortly after birth and then slow in growth a few short years later. Researchers have determined that neuroinflammation appears to be present in autistic brain tissue from childhood through adulthood. The study excerpt reads:
Oxidative stress, brain inflammation and microgliosis have been much documented in association with toxic exposures including various heavy metals. The awareness that the brain as well as medical conditions of children with autism may be conditioned by chronic biomedical abnormalities such as inflammation opens the possibility that meaningful biomedical interventions may be possible well past the window of maximal neuroplasticity in early childhood because the basis for assuming that all deficits can be attributed to fixed early developmental alterations in net.
12, A study conducted by the Department of Paediatrics at the University of Arkansas determined that thimerosal-induced cytotoxicity was associated with the depletion of intracellular glutathione (GSH) in both cell lines. The study outlines how many vaccines have been neurotoxic, especially to the developing brain. Depletion of GSH is commonly associated with autism. Although thimerosal has been removed from most children’s vaccines, it is still present in flu vaccines given to pregnant women, the elderly and to children in developing countries.

13. A study published in the Public Library of Science (PLOS) determined that elevation in peripheral oxidative stress is consistent with, and may contribute to more severe functional impairments in the ASD group. We know that oxidative stress is triggered by heavy metals, like the ones contained in multiple vaccines.

14. A study conducted by the University of Texas Health Science Center by the Department of Family and Community Medicine determined that for each 1,000 Ib of environmentally released mercury, there was a 43% increase in the rate of special education services and a 61% increase in the rate of autism. Researchers emphasized that further research was needed regarding the association between environmentally released mercury and developmental disorders such as autism.

15. A study published in the International Journal of Toxicology determined that in light of the biological plausibility of mercury’s role in neurodevelopment disorders, the present study provides further insight into one possible mechanism by which early mercury exposures could increase the risk of autism.

16. A study published in the Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health determined that mercury exposure can induce immune, sensory, neurological, motor and behavioural dysfunctions similar to traits defining or associated with ASDs. Based upon differential diagnoses, 8 of 9 patients examined were exposed to significant mercury from Thimerosal-containing vaccine preparations during their fetal/infant developmental periods. These previously normal developing children suffered mercury encephalopathies that manifested with clinical symptoms consistent with regressive ASDs. Evidence for mercury intoxication should be considered in the differential diagnosis as contributing to some regressive ASDs.

17. A study published by the US National Library of Medicine conducted by the University of Texas Health Science Centre suspected that persistent low-dose exposures to various environmental toxicants including mercury, that occur during critical windows of neural development among genetically susceptible children, may increase the risk for developmental disorders such as autism.

18. A study conducted by the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at University of Pittsburgh’s School of Medicine showed that Macaques are commonly used in pre-clinical vaccine safety testing. Collective Evolution does not support animals testing, we feel there is a large amount of evidence and research that already indicated the links to vaccines in which some animals have been used to illustrate. The objective of this study was to compare early infant cognition and behaviour with amygdala size and opioid binding in rhesus macaques receiving the recommended childhood vaccines. The animal model, which examines for the first time, behavioural, functional and neuromorphometric consequences of the childhood vaccine regimen, mimics certain neurological abnormalities of autism. These findings raise important safety issues while providing a potential model for examining aspects of causation and disease pathogenesis in acquired disorders of behaviour and development.

19. A study conducted by The George Washington University School of Public Health from the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics determined that significantly increased rate ratios were observed for autism and autism spectrum disorders as a result of exposure to mercury from Thimerosal-containing vaccines.

20. A study published in the journal Cell Biology and Toxicology by Kinki University in Osaka, Japan determined that in combination with the brain pathology observed in patients diagnosed with autism, the present study helps to support the possible biological plausibility for how low-dose exposure to mercury from thimerosal-containing vaccines may be associated with autism.

21. A study published by the journal Lab Medicine determined that vaccinations may be one of the triggers for autism. Researchers discovered that substantial data demonstrates immune abnormality in many autistic children consistent with impaired resistance to infection, activation of inflammatory responses and autoimmunity. Impaired resistance may predispose to vaccine injury in autism.

22. A study published in the journal Neurochemical Researchdetermined that since excessive accumulation of extracellular glutamate is linked with excitotoxicity, data implies that neonatal exposure to thimerosal-containing vaccines might induce excitotoxic brain injuries, leading to neurodevelopmental disorders.

Sources:

All sources not listed below are listed throughout the article and highlighted. To view them, please click on them.

(1)http://investors.morningstar.com/ownership/shareholders-major.html?t=GSK

(2)http://finance.yahoo.com/q/mh?s=twx+Major+Holders

(3)http://finance.yahoo.com/q/mh?s=ge+Major+Holders

(4) http://finance.yahoo.com/q/mh?s=pfe+Major+Holders

(5)http://cid.oxfordjournals.org/content/48/4/456.full

(6) http://www.ebcala.org/unanswered-questions

(7)http://www.collective-evolution.com/2013/07/07/courts-rule-mmr-thimerosal-containing-vaccines-caused-autism-brain-damage/




Here is a great video narrated by Rob Schneider outlining the vaccine-autsim link. 



Thursday, January 16, 2014

An Expectant Parent’s Guide to Chiropractic

An Expectant Parent’s Guide to Chiropractic

Re-post by Dr. Jon Wise. 
Written by Stacey Rosenberg DC

What we cannot see are the millions of different hormonal changes and chemical reactions occurring both in the mother and the developing baby, all of which are controlled and coordinated through the nervous system. Now more than ever, during pregnancy you need a nervous system that responds immediately and accurately to changing requirements in all parts of your body, and therefore you need a healthy spine!

Chiropractic care prior to conception promotes a more regular menstrual cycle and optimal uterine function. It prepares the body to be strong, supple, and as balanced as possible to carry the pregnancy. Restoring proper nerve supply to reproductive organs has helped many couples who thought they were infertile. And adjusting women throughout pregnancy is one of the most rewarding parts of our work, because a healthier pregnancy means an easier labour and delivery, and a better transition for the baby into this life.

A person’s spine is made of 24 moveable bones called vertebrae, plus the sacrum (tailbone), pelvis, and skull. From the brain, nerve impulses travel down the spinal cord, branch out into nerves, and exit between the vertebrae. When the vertebrae become misaligned or unable to move properly a condition called vertebral subluxation, it irritates and interferes with the nerves. The message from the brain is slowed down and the life-energy carried by the nerve is unable to reach the organs and tissues at full potential. A doctor of chiropractic aligns the vertebrae and pelvis through gentle adjustments to the spine, relieving the pressure on the nerves and allowing the full nerve energy to reach the tissues it serves.

As you gain weight, especially in the abdomen, this exerts a downward, forward pull on the lower spine. This extra weight combined with changes in your gait and centre of gravity can set the stage for backache and neck pain. Additionally, as labour approaches, your body secretes a hormone called relaxin, which loosens ligaments. This may exaggerate the effects of an existing spinal or pelvis problem. The positioning of the baby and its movement as well as expansion of the lower part of the ribcage to accommodate your growing baby can also cause discomfort in the ribs and upper portion of the lower back. Additionally, your increasing breast size in preparation for lactation can create upper back subluxations.

According to recent studies, chiropractic care may result in easier pregnancy including increased comfort during the third trimester and delivery and reduced need for analgesics (pain medication). In one study, women receiving chiropractic care through their first pregnancy had 24% reduction in labour times and subjects giving birth for the second or third time reported 39% reduction in shorter labour times. In another study, the need for analgesics was reduced by 50% in the patients who received adjustments. In addition, 84% of women report relief of back pain during pregnancy with chiropractic care. When women receive chiropractic care throughout pregnancy, the sacroiliac joints of the pelvis function better. As a result, there is significantly less likelihood of back labour (contractions and sharp pain felt in the lower back during labour). Chiropractic care has helped new mothers become more comfortable breastfeeding (posture-wise) as well as to produce more milk. Chiropractic care has also been shown to reduce the likelihood of postpartum depression.

As your pregnancy advances, some chiropractic techniques will need to be modified for your comfort. Your chiropractor is aware of this and will make the necessary changes. In particular, special pregnancy pillows and tables with dropaway pelvic pieces are used to accommodate your growing belly. A chiropractor trained in the techniques that address uterine constraint or mal-presentations will check for misalignment of the pelvic bones, misalignment of the sacrum and vertebrae, and spasm of the ligaments that support the uterus and help hold the pelvis together.

Body position during delivery is also critical. Any late second stage labour position that denies postural sacral rotation denies the mother and the baby critical pelvic outlet diameter and moves the tip of the sacrum up to four centimetres into the pelvic outlet. In other words, the popular semi-recumbent position that places the labouring woman on her back onto the apex of the sacrum closes off the vital space needed for the baby to get through the pelvic outlet. This delivery position is the main reason why so many births are traumatic, labour is stalled, the mom becomes fatigued and overwhelmed by pain, so the utilization of epidurals, forceps, episiotomies, vacuum extraction, and caesarean increases. This is why squatting is the preferred position—gravity works to help and the pelvic outlet can open to a greater degree. Squatting during delivery results in decreased use of forceps and a shorter second stage of labour than the semi-recumbent position! Moreover, research has shown that coached pushing in the second stage of labour does not improve the short-term outcome for mothers or babies, except when the baby needs to be keep “baby blues” at bay, regain their energy and lose the weight they gained during pregnancy.

Pregnancy Exercise Tips
Don’t exercise for longer than 30 minutes at a time.

Always include a 10-minute warm-up and a 10-minute cool-down period (in addition to the 30 minutes of exercise).

Pregnant women should not exercise to exhaustion—but being fatigued is okay.

Avoid forced, passive stretches, such as reaching for your toes. Pregnancy hormones make your joints looser, so overstretching—which can cause a muscle injury—is a greater risk during pregnancy. Also, avoid sudden jerking or bouncing movements or quick changes in position.

Limit aerobic activity to the low-impact variety, especially if you weren’t exercising regularly before getting pregnant. Brisk walking, swimming, and riding a stationary bicycle are good choices. Keep it moderate (30 minutes per day), particularly if you weren’t exercising before pregnancy. Ensure weight training is done under proper guidance.

Measure your heart rate at peak activity to be sure you are not exceeding 140 beats per minute.

Avoid overheating: drink plenty of water, and don’t exercise in hot, humid conditions.

Avoid activities that put you at high risk for injury, such as horseback riding or downhill skiing.

Avoid sports in which you could get hit in the abdomen (e.g. softball).

Especially after the third month, avoid exercises that require you to lie flat on your back for an extended period of time since this can reduce your heart rate, lower your blood pressure, cause dizziness, and may reduce blood flow to baby.

Never scuba dive because it can cause dangerous gas bubbles in the baby’s circulatory system.

Before starting any new exercise routine, always check with your health care provider.

Stop exercising immediately and consult your midwife or doctor if any of the following symptoms occur during or after exercise: bleeding, cramping, faintness and/or dizziness, elevated blood pressure, or severe joint pain.

Here’s an easy pelvic tilt exercise to get you started. It will strengthen stomach and back muscles and reduce stress from the growth of your uterus. You may want to make sure you haven’t eaten for an hour or so before doing this exercise for comfort.

1.Lie flat on your back with your knees bent (this can also be done standing if you are uncomfortable on your back).

2.If needed, place a small pillow under your neck and/or lower back for support. Make sure you maintain a small curve in your neck to reduce the likelihood of strain.

3.Pull in abdominal and buttock muscles (this should flatten the lower back). Imagine you are peeling your buttocks and spine up off the floor. Slowly, vertebra-by-vertebra, rise to approximately bra-strap level (as long as there is no pain or tension felt in your neck).

4.Hold, breathe out, and count to five.

5.Relax. Inhale. Roll down slowly, and with control, vertebraby- vertebra.

6.Repeat five times.

Additional Hints to Help Prevent Pregnancy Backache
Stand erect; do not allow your belly to sag.

Change positions often to ease lower back strain.

When lifting, bend your knees and keep your back straight.

Consult your chiropractor for exercises to reduce lower back strain (an easy one to start with is the pelvic tilt shown above).

Your mattress should be supportive and comfortable.

Sleep on your side with a pillow between your knees.

Adequate rest is essential.

Keep daily chores manageable. Seek those who can most help you make this experience meaningful. Whether it’s a friend to walk with to the pool, a doula to help with your labour plan, or your mother offering to watch the kids or help clean the kitchen, take advantage of the help around you.

Know your limits. If you are working throughout your pregnancy and/or have other children to care for, try not to overdo it.

Practice good postural habits.

Plan and do regular exercise.

Kegel exercises are a great way to prepare and tone the pelvic floor muscles for delivery and can be done anytime. To do Kegels, contract the muscles around your urethra and vagina— imagine you are trying to prevent yourself from urinating. Hold for several seconds, then release. Repeat sets of ten, several times each day.

Have regular spinal check-ups; they are an important part of preventative health care.


Other Factors to Consider in Maintaining a Healthy Pregnancy

Proper nutrition is essential to maintaining a healthy pregnancy. This includes adequate intake of folic acid, good sources of protein and iron, calcium-rich foods, and lots of fruits and vegetables. Drink plenty of pure water to keep well hydrated. Avoid eating too much sugar and sweets including fruit drinks as they can cause you (and the baby) to gain excessive weight.

Research has found that a pregnant woman can help protect the health of her child by avoiding smoking and second-hand smoke alcohol, excessive caffeine (e.g. tea, coffee and cola), unnecessary exposure to x-rays (especially in the first trimester), unnecessary medication (including over-the-counter remedies), and foods with chemical additives, artificial sweeteners, and artificial ingredients.

Regular exercise, good nutrition, and periodic spinal adjustments can make pregnancy the pleasant, exciting experience you want it to be! Pregnancy should be an opportunity to reflect on your family’s plans and dreams— not a time to struggle with pain. Preparing for a new baby is a daunting challenge for even the most organized mothers-to-be. So, during this meaningful time, be proactive: work to prevent backache before it affects your peace of mind or distracts you from focusing on your family’s well being. Chiropractic care is safe and natural, simply removing interference to your body’s own controlling and healing ability.

If you are pregnant and would like a chiropractic wellness check up, please call my office.

Thank You,

Dr. Jon Wise

Getting Fit at Fifty and Beyond

Getting Fit at Fifty and Beyond

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Chiropractic Care and Returning to Fitness
Chiropractic care is an important component of any exercise program and is especially important for those who are beginning a fitness program or returning to exercise after a long absence. Regular chiropractic care helps ensure spinal fitness, which is the starting point for all aspects of health and well-being.
Your spinal column is the mechanical center of your body. Major muscle groups involved in strength training, such as the latissimus dorsi and rhomboids, and major muscle groups involved in aerobic exercise, such as the quadriceps and hamstrings, attach directly or indirectly to the spine and pelvis. Regular chiropractic care helps ensure optimal functioning of your spinal column, which in turn helps ensure a full range of motion and mechanical availability of muscles critical for successful exercise. By helping you get the most out of your exercise, regular chiropractic care helps you achieve your long-term goals for good health.
What if you used to be really fit and now you're not? What if, as the years have gone by, you've added a couple of pounds here and there, and you suddenly notice you're 30 pounds heavier than you were at your 10th high school reunion? Or, what if you've never enjoyed the idea of exercising, exercise was never part of your world-view, but you're not feeling as good as you'd like to feel and think that exercise might help improve your overall health and sense of well-being?
Many people want to get fit or want to regain a former level of fitness for a variety of considerations, including the above scenarios.1,2 But most of us need guidance in the process of getting fit. We need information and even instruction on what to do and how to do it. For example, it would be a serious mistake for someone older than 50, and even older than 40, to simply go out and try to run 4 miles if he had never run before. Muscle strains, shin splints, or even a stress fracture of one of the bones in the foot would be a likely and unwanted result. Similarly, going to the gym and trying to "work heavy" would assuredly create various problems for an out-of-shape person who wanted to "get fit" as quickly as possible. The injured tendons and sprained ligaments resulting from trying to rush would set back your hoped-for progress by at least four to six weeks, further delaying achievement of improved health.
The best way to get fit or return to fitness after a long period of inactivity is to start slowly, progress in small increments, and gain an authentic, long-lasting level of fitness over months and years. Being a smart exerciser means not doing too much too soon, in other words, respecting your body's capabilities. Also, smart exercise involves engaging in a blend of activities, usually on alternating days. Persons who only bike or run and persons who only lift weights will never be as healthy and fit as those who do both aerobic activity and strength training.3 Developing a two-week schedule will provide a thorough, balanced fitness program. In week A you do aerobic exercise (walking, running, biking, swimming laps) on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. You do strength training on Tuesday and Thursday. In week B you reverse activities, doing strength training Monday, Wednesday, and Friday and aerobic exercise on Tuesday and Thursday. This alternating pattern ensures you are getting the full benefit of your valuable time spent exercising.
It is important to remember that what works for you, works for you. Each of us needs to find his or her best way forward. Some methods of exercise will be experienced as intuitive and enjoyable. Others will be experienced as the opposite. You probably won't want to continue any of the latter. For example, the exercise program suggested by your friend may not be effective for your physical makeup and may even be harmful. Your chiropractor is an expert in healthy exercise and will be able to recommend fitness activities that will be right for you.
1Johanssen NM, et al: Categorical analysis of the impact of aerobic and resistance exercise training, alone and in combination, on cardiorespiratory fitness levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: results from the HART-D study. Diabetes Care 2013 July 22 [Epub ahead of print]
2Stanton R, el al: Is cardiovascular or resistance exercise better to treat patients with depression? A narrative review. Issues Ment Health Nurs 34(7):531-538, 2013
3Lorenz D, Reiman M: The role and implementation of eccentric training in athletic rehabilitation: tendinopathy, hamstring strains, and acl reconstruction. Int J Sports Phys Ther 6(1):27-44, 2011

Drivers Education

Drivers Education

Many People Can Suffer Injuries that Aren't Related to Car Accidents
Chiropractic Care and
Core Training
Back in the old days, no one talked about core training. The phrase didn't even exist. But, back in the old days people were, in general, much more physically fit. Core training wasn't needed 50 years ago, as people in that long ago time did actual physical work.
Today, in our service-oriented societies, most people sit at a desk. We're sitting when we're at work, and we're sitting when we go home, eating dinner, watching TV, or surfing the Internet. The result is chronic weakness in our core muscles. But these muscles are required for good health, not the least of which is good posture. A weak core leads to numerous physical ailments, including chronic neck pain, chronic low back pain, and chronic headaches.
Regular chiropractic care helps maintain the integrity of core musculature. Additionally, your chiropractor is an expert in core re-training and, if needed, will design a program of core exercises that will help restore strength and endurance to this critical, overlooked system.
We all know someone who has suffered a serious driving-related injury that had nothing to do with being involved in a motor vehicle accident. For example, turning your head suddenly and swiftly for a last minute check of your "blind spot" before changing lanes on the interstate could result in a painful neck sprain. Getting out your car in a crowded shopping center parking lot can often be awkward and may even result in a low back injury. Bending over to lift a grocery bag out of your back seat or trunk can even cause a herniated lumbar disc with very painful consequences. Thus, driving can be dangerous, even without taking account of your innumerable fellow drivers who are talking on their cell phones, texting, combing their hair, putting on makeup, or even shaving when they should be 100% focused on  the road. Even if you're a highly skilled, appropriately defensive driver, doing driving-related things can cause real physical injury.
Why do such injuries happen? The cause is the same as for the person who, while getting dressed in the morning, bends over to put on his or her socks, stockings, or tights and experiences a sudden, sharp pain in the low back. Later on, that pain may worsen and radiate down one leg, and a likely diagnosis of a herniated disc may ensue. "But I wasn't doing anything wrong," the person exclaims to his chiropractor. "All I was doing was putting on my socks." But the chiropractor knows that the movement that apparently caused the injury was merely the last physical insult in a long chain of musculoskeletal and biomechanical deficiencies.1
As with the person who injures his or her neck or back at home while engaged in innocuous activities of daily living such as housecleaning or taking out the trash, driving-related injuries that are not the result of an actual accident are caused by being deconditioned or out-of-shape. If your neck and back muscles, ligaments, and joints are not used to doing physical work while engaged in a full range of motion, suddenly putting them in mechanically stressful situations will very likely lead to injury. For such persons, the primary missing fitness factor involves the core muscles, the body's group of central, deep, sheath-like muscles that provide the base for almost all movement and motion.2
Lack of core fitness is the culprit for most neck and back injuries that happen when you "weren't doing anything". The good news is that core training is readily available.3 You are training your core muscles whenever you do strength training or yoga. You are doing core training when you walk, run, bike, or swim, provided you are doing these activities effectively and efficiently. You don't need special equipment. All that is required is the willingness and persistence to engage in regular vigorous exercise. The many benefits are broad and longlasting, including getting more enjoyment out of the time you spend in your car.
1Rietveld AB: Dancers' and musicians' injuries. Clin Rheumatol 32(4):425-434, 2013
2Micheo W, et al: Basic principles regarding strength, flexibility, and stability exercises. PM R 4(11):805-811, 2012
3Steele J, et al: A review of the specificity of exercises designed for conditioning the lumbar extensors. Br J Sports Med October 2013: doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2013-092197. [Epub ahead of print]

Turn Your Medicine Chest into a First-Aid Cabinet

Turn Your Medicine Chest into a First-Aid Cabinet

Medicine Cabinet and Chiropractic Care
Chiropractic Care and Your Personal Lifestyle
Regular chiropractic care is an important component of any lifestyle change you're planning to put into place. Whether you're improving your diet by eating at least five servings of fresh fruits and vegetables each day, engaging in regular vigorous exercise for at least 30 minutes five times per week, or both, the benefits you obtain will be enhanced by regular chiropractic care.
To derive the most benefit from the healthful food you're eating and the exercise you're doing, your metabolism must be working properly. Your metabolic systems require your nerve system to be functioning at peak capacity. Nerve signals must arrive on time and must be processed properly. Spinal nerve irritation interferes with these activities. Regular chiropractic care helps make sure your nerve system is free of interference and, as a result, helps make sure you're getting the most out of your valuable time and effort spent in implementing your new lifestyle upgrade.
Many people have medicine chests in their bathroom, small shelving units filled with bottles of pills, capsules, and tablets. Others, instead, have first-aid and personal grooming cabinets in their bathrooms, containing rows of bandages, tubes of antiseptic, rubbing alcohol, and adhesive tape, as well as dental care supplies, shaving supplies, and sample-size bottles of shampoo. Of course, we can't always draw accurate conclusions about a person's lifestyle and level of health from the contents of his or her bathroom cabinet. But most of us, if we could choose, would likely want to focus on personal grooming and first aid rather than prescription medications. The key question is how we can actually make such a choice.
From the medicine chest perspective, many people have various disorders that require them to take prescription medications on a short-term or long-term basis. Persons with type 2 diabetes need to take regular doses of drugs such as metformin or glyburide. Persons who have rheumatoid arthritis may be taking Imuran, Remicade, or glucocorticoids. If you have persistent high blood pressure, you may be taking a beta-blocker or an ACE inhibitor. If you've just undergone a root canal procedure, your dentist may have prescribed a two-day supply of Vicodin.
But others have medicine chests filled with sleeping pills such as Ambien and Lunesta, cold and flu medications such as decongestants and antihistamines, and mood elevators such as Wellbutrin and Prozac.1 Again, many people have medical conditions that require prescription medications, but many others have come to rely on such drugs even though a sound medical reason for taking medication may no longer exist. In such circumstances, changes in lifestyle may provide more and longer-lasting benefit than that being obtained via use of no-longer-needed medication.
For example, numerous studies have shown that regular vigorous exercise results in profound adaptations of one's personal physiology and biochemistry. Such changes consistently improve a person's mood and allow for a full night of restful sleep.2 Healthful alterations in diet also result in mood stabilization and facilitate deeper, more beneficial sleep.3 Lifestyle changes incorporating both regular vigorous exercise and healthful diets provide enhanced benefit.
Of course, one should never discontinue prescription medications without consulting the doctor who has prescribed them. Implementing your long-term lifestyle enhancements is one of two necessary steps. The second step is letting your doctor know what you're doing and discussing with him or her the possibility of reducing the dose or even going off one or more of the "lifestyle" drugs you've been taking. By taking these steps you've begun the journey of converting your "medicine chest" into something else entirely.
1Tragni E, et al: Prevalence of the prescription of potentially interacting drugs. PLoS One 2013 Oct 11;8(10):e78827. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0078827
2Matta Mello PE, et al: Neuroscience of exercise: from neurobiology mechanisms to mental health.Neuropsychobiology 68(1):1-14, 2013
3Hryhorczuk C, et al: Metabolic disturbances connecting obesity and depression. Front Neurosci 7:177, 2013

Tuesday, January 14, 2014

The Undeniable Link between Disease and Lifestyle

The Undeniable Link between Disease and Lifestyle

Yoni Whitten, D.C., C.C.W.P
The Susan G. Komen Foundation recently partnered with fast food giant, Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC) in an effort to raise money for breast cancer research and public awareness. During this campaign, certain Kentucky Fried Chicken locations will be selling the same fast food in pink buckets and donating a percentage of the profits to Susan G. Komen. Could anything be more absurd? The irony of this partnership is perhaps as sad as it is disturbing. What’s next? Selling pink cigarettes to promote awareness of lung cancer?

While there is no doubt that the public is in desperate need of education regarding cancer, it’s difficult to imagine a scenario where eating more fast food could make things better, regardless of the color container that it’s served in.

Science has clearly and repeatedly demonstrated that lifestyle factors are the main determinant in the development most chronic degenerative diseases, including cancer. In 2002, the Journal of Applied Physiology reported “Overwhelming evidence from a variety of sources, links most chronic diseases seen in the world today to physical inactivity and inappropriate diet consumption.” In fact, environmental and lifestyle factors have been identified as 58-91% of causal factors for three of the most dominant health problems in modern-day America: heart disease, diabetes and most site-specific cancers [2, 13].

The slogan used by Susan G. Komen and KFC for this campaign “Join the Cause” could not have said it any better. In choosing to endorse nutrient depleted, calorie-dense and toxin-laden fast food they are perpetuating the very problem they are attempting to solve. If the ultimate goal is improved health of our society and freedom from the diseases that kill three-quarters of the people in this country, wouldn’t it make sense to avoid the things that have been shown to contribute to the problem?

Yes, the public needs to know that cancer is an absolute epidemic in this country and that it’s getting worse. We need to know that it’s the second leading cause of death and that it is responsible for 600,000 deaths per year. Most importantly, we need to begin to understand what is causing that number to go up every  year and why, according to estimates from the World Health Organization (WHO), the number of cancer deaths will double between 2000 and 2020 and nearly triple by 2030 [15].

We need to understand that the problem with cancer is not that we fail to raise enough money each year to find some elusive, magical cure. The real problem, which is highlighted by the recent partnership between Susan G. Komen and KFC, lies in the compartmentalized way that we think about and treat cancer and other chronic degenerative diseases. An individual diagnosed with cancer is thought of in much the same way as someone struck by lightning. That is, that a random act of nature, bad genes or bad luck must be the cause of their ailment. As a society, we have become engrained with this disempowering idea that circumstances beyond our control are somehow responsible for our many health problems. Nothing could be further from the truth. It’s time for us to get scientific and throw out this unsubstantiated hypothesis. 

The clear causal link between poor lifestyle choices and disease has been well-established in the scientific literature. And for many diseases this link is common knowledge. Ask any 5th grader why smoking is bad for you and pay close attention as they rattle off a list for you of the diseases that smoking causes. Smoking is a leading cause of cancer and of death from cancer. It causes cancers of the lung, mouth, throat, esophagus, larynx, kidney, stomach, bladder, pancreas and cervix. Smoking also causes heart disease, lung disease, cataracts, stroke and leukemia. Here, our understanding of the linear causation is clear: If we choose to smoke, we will eventually get cancer, or heart disease, or leukemia, or some other terrible disease [4].

Other lifestyle factors such as the consumption of alcohol have direct correlations to disease as well. Over 3% of all cancer cases and cancer deaths worldwide are directly attributed to alcohol. Breast cancer in women is linked with alcohol intake. Alcohol also increases the risk of cancers of the mouth, esophagus, pharynx and larynx, colon, liver, stomach and ovaries. Here too, the direct causal link is as plain as day: We understand that if we choose to drink alcohol, we are increasing our chances of causing a whole host of diseases [5-11].

This information has been so widely publicized that no one would even consider selling alcohol in a pink bottle to promote breast cancer awareness. So why fast food? Because there remains a disconnect between things such as eating real foods, breathing clean air, drinking pure water, and moving the way we were designed to move and the consequences for not doing these things. There is a virtual mountain of evidence showing the connection between our lifestyle choices and the same diseases responsible for the vast majority of deaths in this country and yet, our genes continue to be a prime scapegoat to explain many of the health problems in our society. Nowhere is this more evident than when it comes to cancer. 

In fact, since the beginning of 2007, variations at over 100 different locations on the human genome have been linked to everything from heart disease to diabetes to cancer. There are a host of genetic tests which have been developed based on this research that claim to predict an individual’s likelihood for developing any disease you can think of somewhere down the line. Newly released research is showing that the validity of this type of testing and the science behind it is questionable at best and an extremely unstable platform from which to make any kind of aggressive treatment recommendations.

Ever since the human genome project, we’ve been bombarded with stories in the media proclaiming “new gene linked with colon cancer”… “pancreatic cancer linked to” so and so gene, etc. Well, as it turns out, nearly every single claim of a particular gene being linked to some form of cancer is, quite simply, nonsense. It is almost completely junk science. A study completed at the University of Ioannina School of Medicine in Greece analyzed hundreds of these studies which claimed to have "discovered" genes that cause cancer. What they found was that out of 240 claimed associations between genes and cancer risk, only two genes had any significant correlation whatsoever. That's less than 1 percent! [12] In other words, more than 99% of everything you’ve ever heard linking genes to cancer has no basis in reality whatsoever.

This new research flies in the face of conventional medical thinking where DNA and destiny go hand-in-hand; but the greatest minds in the world once believed the earth was flat too. According to lead researcher John Ioannidis “the general public should be quite cautious about jumping to the conclusion that if they have a change in one gene or another they are doomed”. The problem with these associations, according to researchers, is that the behavior of these genes is determined, not by the genes themselves, but through complex interactions with the environment. Lifestyle factors such as diet, exercise, smoking and other behaviors play a huge part in the ultimate expression of those genes [12].

Lifestyle factors may indeed prove to be the “Holy Grail” that cancer researchers have been searching for this entire time. In early 2010, a group of scientists in Europe found an exciting new way to eradicate the health problems associated with carrying a specific “fat gene”. They found that simply by exercising for an hour a day, individuals that carried a specific “obesity gene” could offset their genetic predisposition to obesity. Prior to this study, the presence of mutations of the so-called “fat mass-and-obesity-associated gene” or FTO gene were considered important predictors of health. In fact, each one of these mutated genes within the body had been linked to an average weight increase of over 3 pounds and its presence was also associated with a higher percentage of body fat and a larger waist circumference.

In light of these findings, it’s easy to see how the term "breast cancer gene" can be misleading. Let’s be clear: there is no actual "breast cancer gene" whereby if you have the gene, you have the disease.Certain genes have been linked to an increased susceptibility for developing breast cancer, but that susceptibility does not determine the outcome. There are millions of women with the so-called “breast cancer gene” that do not have breast cancer. Why? Because like with the FTO gene, there are lifestyle factors that determine the expression of those genes and whether or not that susceptibility manifests as the actual disease.

Unlike the studies attempting to find the correlation between genes and disease, there exists a clear link between lifestyle and disease. More than 20 published cohort studies have examined the association between physical activity and risk of breast cancer, nearly all of them show clear evidence of hugelydecreased risk for breast cancer in women who were classified at the highest levels of physical activity[23- 36]. Across numerous studies, those with the highest levels of physical activity show a 50% reduction in the incidence of colon cancer. One study showed that sedentary individuals experienced a 64% higher incidence of melanomas than those exercising 5-7 times per week.

In spite of these findings, an astounding 70 percent of adults in this country fail to meet the minimum weekly physical activity requirements. We need to be promoting physical activity in light of the fact that studies have shown that “30-50% of all cases of heart disease, Type 2 diabetes, and many cancers were prevented by 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise each day.” 

More than two-thirds of the adult population in this country is overweight or obese [16]. Studies have clearly linked increased waist circumference with an increased risk for various forms types of cancer [11, 37]. How could anyone in their right mind promote breast cancer awareness at fast food restaurants when studies have demonstrated that women who are overweight or obese have up to 250 percentincreased risk for breast cancer? [22] 

If we are going to use food to promote health and cancer awareness let’s use the science and do it right.Researchers from the School of Public Health at the University of California Berkley reviewed 200 studies that examined the relationship between fruit and vegetable intake and various cancers including: breast, lung, cervix, pancreas, esophagus, oral cavity, stomach, bladder, colon and ovary. What they discovered was “For most cancer sites, persons with low fruit and vegetable intake experience about twice the risk of cancer compared with those with high intake, even after control for potentially confounding factors.” [3].

This is the information that the public really needs to hear. The average American consumes only 3.6 servings of fruits and vegetables per day and that we only arrive at that number by including French fries and fruit juices in the tally. The link between diet and disease is plain as day and yet high-calorie, nutrient depleted fast food are being used to promote cancer awareness. Our children are the sickest they have ever been and the line at the fast food restaurants never dwindles. The results of eating the way we do are in, and our way of eating is in need of a major overhaul. The World Health Organization stated in their world health report that “World-wide, the adoption of this (typical American) diet has been accompanied by a major increase in coronary heart disease, stroke, various cancers, diabetes and other chronic diseases.” [19, 20]. 

Helping ourselves become healthier is not difficult. In fact, it can be as easy as stepping outside. Exciting new research out of the Creighton University School of Medicine and published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition has revealed that vitamin D can cut our risk of cancer by an astonishing 77 percent! This includes breast cancer, colon cancer, skin cancer and other forms of cancer. This research provides strong new evidence that vitamin D is the single most effective compound in the fight  against cancer, far outpacing the benefits of any cancer drug known to modern science. And vitamin D is free! It’s produced in our skin in response to exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet (U.V.) light. Perhaps we should be promoting daily sun exposure considering that some estimates show as much as 85 percent of the American population is deficient in vitamin D [14, 21].

Why is it that we never hear a smoker blame their lung cancer on genes? The major killers in our society like cancer, heart disease, obesity and stroke have never been shown to be genetic disorders.These diseases, which are responsible for 75 percent of all deaths in all Western nations are “diseases of lifestyle.” [17, 18] Ridiculous, self-serving associations like the one between Kentucky Fried Chicken and Susan G. Komen are just a symptom of a much greater problem. We need to get serious about the health of our nation and start educating the public about the importance of healthy lifestyle choices.

How long will we continue to ignore the scientific evidence and blame our genes for the declining health of our society? How long will we continue to search for hidden answers for problems that we already have a solution to? It is time for us to accept responsibility for the choices we make as individuals and take control of our health collectively. We can use the information available to us and begin moving toward a solution today. That’s empowering. That’s real cancer awareness.

References:

1. Jonatan R. Ruiz, Ph.D., scientist in physical activity and fitness epidemiology, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge, Sweden; Samantha Heller, M.S., R.D., dietitian, nutritionist and exercise physiologist, Fairfield, Conn.; April 2010, Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicinehttp://www.vitacost.com/Mailer/VCValues/images/eclear.gif
2. Booth et al. – Journal of Applied Physiology 93:3-30,2002
3. “Fruit, vegetables, and cancer prevention: a review of the epidemiological evidence.” – Block G, Patterson B, Subar A. - School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley.
4. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2004.
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