Saturday, May 19, 2012

Why should kids be seeing a Chiropractor!


Why should kids be seeing a Chiropractor!
Dr. Jon Wise's Lecture notes from Claudia Anrig, D.C.'s class on Pediatrics. Dr. Anrig is leading authority on Chiropractic Pediatrics and the co-editor of Pediatric Chiropractic textbook.

In-utero:

Intra-Uterine Constraint is one possible way that a fetus may receive unnecessary extrinsic forces that may lead to bone, cartilage, muscle and ligament deformity.
There are four positions of the fetus that can cause biomechanical forces, which may lead to alterations to the spine. These four positions are breech, face, brow and transverse lie.

Dunn, a medical doctor reviewed 6,000 cases of breech babies and found the following occurrences (3):

  • 42% Developed Postural Scoliosis
  • 20-25% Torticollis, Mandibular Asymmetry
  • 50% Hip Dislocation
The breech presentation places the fetus neck in a compromising hyperextension position. The head then may compromise in further hyperextension or hyperflexion

The Face or Brow Presentation presentation compresses the head and neck into a forced unnatural hyperextended position. This may lead to a possible AS occiput subluxation.

The Transverse lie position occurs when the sidewalls of the uterus causes the hyperflexion or hyperextension of the cervical spine. Either position to the cervical spine of the fetus may cause permanent damage.

Routine and regular Prenatal Chiropractic Care may prevent or decrease the possible occurrence of sacral subluxation, which may contribute to inadequate uterine function, pelvic contraction, and baby mal-presentation potentially resulting in a difficult labor for the mother (i.e., dystocia).

Birth Trauma:

Dr. Gutmann, a medical/manual medicine doctor studied 1,000 infants with birth trauma. His study revealed that birth trauma (long lever technique) often caused upper cervical vertebral subluxation.

The study revealed that infants who were adjusted during the study showed improvement with the following disorders – colic, restlessness, fever of unknown origin, seizures, postural scoliosis, etc.

Dr. Gutmann speculated that abnormal nerve function may lead to a lowered immune system in children and may be a contributor to common childhood sickness as seen in ear infections and tonsillitis.

At birth the newborn’s spine (excluding the sacrum) is approximately 20cm. Within 24 months the spine will grow exponentially to approximately 45cm.

Proper spinal development is imperative the first six years of life and thereafter. During this period of significant amount of spinal growth, children should be monitored for detection and correction of vertebral subluxation.

Three Causes of Stress and Damage to the body:
  • Physical
  • Chemical
  • Emotional

Chemical Stressors:
70% of infants are breastfed at birth but only 36% will continue to be breastfed by 6 months and less than 18% at 12 months resulting in many children being formula fed.

Formula fed infants have an increased likelihood of infections and are prone to developing allergies later in life (10,11).

Over 6.7 billion gallons of milk are consumed each year. 40% of that or 3.1 billion gallons are consumed by children (12,13).

Typically 20% of children are eating fast food more than three times a week and approximately $150 billion is spent on fast food each year.

Studies are linking this to obesity, insulin resistance and type-2 diabetes as currently more than 9 million children are obese (14,15).

A can of soda contains up to 55mg of caffeine and energy drinks may contain up to 350mg of caffeine.

13% of the average child’s daily calories come from soft drinks and 140 pounds of sugar are consumed per person per year (16-18).

Children will be given 48 doses of 14 vaccines before the age of 6. In the past 25 years, the number of doses of vaccines given children under 6 has more than doubled and their ingredients include but are not limited to the following (19):

  • Mercury & aluminum
  • Hydrochloric acid
  • Formaldehyde
  • Ethylene Glycol
  • Latex
  • MSG

Amalgam, or dental fillings, contain 50% mercury, 30% silver and differing amounts of tin, zinc and copper (20).

Most foods on the grocer’s shelf contain:
  • Nitrates and nitrites (including sodium nitrite)
  • Sulfites (including metabisulfites)
  • Sulfur dioxide
  • Benzoic acid (aka sodium benzoate)
  • BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene)
  • BHA (butylated hydroxyanisole)
  • Coloring
  • Coal tar
  • Propylene glycol
  • MSG (monosodium glutamate)
  • Refined or bleached flour (i.e. whitened using chloride oxide)

Over 20 million children ingest 8 to 15 pesticides each day

Emotional

1 in 8 children will be diagnosed with high anxiety. This can typically be attributed to fractured families, school/internet bullying and failure to succeed.

1/3 of students are being bullied resulting in 160,000 children missing at least one day of school and most children are afraid to tell an adult out of fear that the problem will escalate. In 2008, more than 656,000 young people ages 10 to 24 were treated in emergency rooms for injuries sustained from violence.

In 2009, a survey by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention revealed that 19.9% of students surveyed reported being bullied and 11.1% reported being in a physical altercation in the year prior. An additional 5% admitted to missing school due to bullying and 5.6% admitted to carrying a weapon for protection in the 30 days prior to the survey.

Statistics from the U.S. Department of Education reported that about 28% of students ages 12-18 reported being bullied at school during the 2009-2010 school year and 6% of students reported being cyber-bullied.

Violence in schools is a continued problem, during the 2009-2010 school year:
  • 33 school-associated violent deaths occurred
  • 85% of all public schools recorded one or more incidents of violence, theft or other crimes on school grounds
  • An estimated 1.9 million crimes occurred translating to 40 crimes per 1000 students
Hyper-parenting was a term coined by Alvin Rosenfeld, PhD to describe a new dangerous trend in child-rearing that includes the following:
  • Parent’s pursuit of perfection and success
  • Over-scheduled lifestyles
  • Early stress and increasing pressure to perform

Critical self-image is common among pre-teen and teenage girls:
  • 50% of 13 to 15-year-old girls believe they are overweight
  • 80% of 13-year-old girls have dieted

85% of those with Anorexia Nervosa developed the disorder in their teens

Physical:
In the United States the leading cause of death under the age of 25 is accidents.

The leading cause of accidental deaths from the age of one to twenty-five years is automobile related.

Glauser and Cares, two medical researchers discovered that during a collision, a child in a lap belt will elongate (lengthen), jack-knife, and strike the back of the car seat. This is a known cause for pediatric trauma to the spine and spinal cord.

The younger child is at higher risk in an auto injury. Two factors that place the younger child at risk are improper use or lack of car restraints (car seats and seat belts), … and the ratio of a larger head to a smaller child torso. The pediatric spine is particularly vulnerable to automobile trauma.

A child left without any car restraint will most likely receive the severest injury.

It has been equated that an 8kg or approximately 17 pound child is unrestrained in a 30mph collision will accelerate and create the force of 250kg or approximately 800 pounds.

The National Safety Council conducted a study observing 536 infants their first year of life. The study discovered that 255 (47.5%) had fallen head first from a high place.

Message to our parents
  • Prevent these injuries by never allowing an infant to go unattended while on a high surface
  • Infants should have regular chiropractic evaluation

Injuries and the baby walkers: Is it worth the risk?

In 1999, in the United States alone, nearly 9,000 children under the age of 15 months were treated in emergency rooms from baby walker injuries.

The most common cause of injuries resulted from falls down stairs subsequently injuring the head.

In another study of ER hospital visits, injuries of infants under the age of one were recorded. The report concluded that 8.9/1,000 infants admitted to the ER were attributable to baby walkers,

and 1.7/1,000 of these injuries were of a serious nature. It should be noted that 97% of baby walker accidents result in neck and head injuries.

Most injuries may be minor bruises and swelling of the head, forehead, face and cheeks.

Serious injuries from baby walkers include:
  • Skull fracture
  • Concussion
  • Intracranial Hemorrhage
  • Burns
  • Cervical spine fracture
  • Death

From 1997 through 1998 there were 34 infant deaths attributed to the baby walker.

The Committee on Injury and Poison Prevention of the American Academy of Pediatrics forwarded several reasons why baby walkers should not be recommended.
  • Walkers do not help an infant learn how to walk
  • And may delay normal motor & mental development

Further the American Academy of Pediatrics states that evidence of major and minor injury and death from baby walkers warrant a recommendation ban to the manufacture and sale of the product altogether.

Falls
The infant and toddler learning to develop their muscular coordination for standing or walking will encounter numerous falls to the sitting position. Balance unfortunately does not exist for the infant, toddler and pre-adolescent.

The home is the primary site for the adventuresome two and three year olds to receive injuries. Falls with immediate noticeable side effects or symptoms are not uncommon for this age group.

Falls, small and large, unilateral (one sided dominance) sports and activities, as well as repetitive and poor postural habits are considered part of a normal life of a child.

It is these normal life occurrences that can cause the minor injuries or strains to the developing spine by causing vertebral subluxation.

The presence of vertebral subluxation of the lack of normal spine movement may interfere with the development of the spine with symmetry (equal balance).

A child developing asymmetry may lead to one of the primary causes to permanent vertebral subluxation with the adult spine.

Under the age of five most falls and traumas occur at home or at a day care facility.

Over 1 million children under the age of 5 visit hospital emergency rooms each year.

More than 88,000 children a year visit the emergency room and, since 1990, 11 deaths have been attributed to trampoline usage.

From the age of 5 to 18 most accidents occur at the school. Sports, physical education classes and unorganized activities play a role in these injuries.

The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commissioner study revealed that almost 250,000 children under the age of 15 were treated for injuries related to playground equipment. Over 200,000 children are seen in emergency rooms each year.

Fifty percent of these injuries resulted in head and cervical trauma.

The most common equipment for childhood injuries are:
  • Swings 87,000
  • Monkey bars 68,000
  • Slides 49,000
  • Seesaws 11,000
  • Other 22,000

Bicycles are another source of childhood trauma. Over 50,000 children a year are treated for head trauma (not wearing a helmet) and cervical trauma.

Other childhood injuries include:
  • Bicycling 297,852
  • Skateboarding 110,462
  • Roller Skating 29,337
  • Inline Skating or Rollerblading 16,479

3.5 million children under the age of 14 receive medical treatment for sports injuries each year.

Sports injuries are typically attributed to:
Football 368,229
Basketball 308,627
Soccer 140,410
Baseball 120,543
Swimming 43,112
Wrestling 33,535
Gymnastics 26,542
Horseback Riding 24,803
Hockey 21,490
Track and Field 17,410

Recent statistics have shown that over 6,000 students are injured each year due to backpacks.

Sudden neck snapping in extension, flexion, and compression to the head or buttocks from falls can cause spine and/or spinal cord injury.

Activities that are commonly associated with falls that can cause pediatric spinal trauma are skate boarding, trampoline, roller blades, horseback riding, surfing, water slides, or diving in shallow water.

Infants of physical abuse can also sustain injuries to the spine and spinal cord from violent shaking of the head.

If accidents are the leading cause of death and severe injuries to children in most westernized countries, one can only assume that an epidemic number of children have sustained some level of pediatric spinal injury and trauma.


Science Reference/Research to check out 
Graham JM. Smith’s recognizable patterns of human deformation. 2
nd ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Co. 1988.

Dunne KB, Claren SK. The origin of prenatal and postnatal deformities. Pediatric Clin North Am 1986; 33: 1277-1297.

Dunn PM. Congenital postural deformities. Br. Med Bull 1976; 32: 71-76

Leventhal HR. Birth injuries of the spinal cord. J of Pediatrics 1960; 56: 447-453.

Byers RK. Spinal cord injuries during Develop Child Neurology 1975; 42: 110.

Towbin A. Latent spinal cord and brain stem injury in newborn infants. Develop Med Child Neurol 1969; 11: 54-68.

Gutmann G. Blocked Atlantal nerve syndrome in infants and small children. ICA Int’l Review Chiro 1990; July/Aug: 37-42.

Lecture Notes. Congenital and developmental spinal biomechanics. Applied Spinal Biomechanical Engineering 1987 Postgraduate Seminar, Manchester, NH 03104.

Heilig D. Osteopathic pediatric care in prevention of structural abnormalities. J of Osteopathic Assoc 1949; 48: 478-481.

www.childtrendsdatabank.org/indicators/90Breastfeeding.cfm

www.childbirthsolutions.com/articles/postpartum/infantformula/index.php

annisa.gaia.com/blog/2007/1/martha/quinn/too

www.rense.com/general26/milk.htm

www.sph.umn.edu/print/about/news/releases/fastfood031908.html

www.cardtrak.com/news/2005/12/20/fast_food_cards

Jacobson, Michael PhD,
Liquid Candy, Center for Science in the Public Interest

health.usnews.com/usnews/health/articles/050328/28sugar.b.htm

www.kidshealth.org

www.NVIC.org

www.dentalfind.com/Dental_Filling_Material

www.puristat.com/standardamericandiet/processedfoods.aspx

"How ‘bout them apples – Pesticides in Children’s Food" report by Environmental Working Group, Washington DC, Feb 1999

www.pw.ucr.edu/textbiles/VI_PesticideWise_12_2001.htm

Environmental Working Group; Pesticides in Produce, 10.4.06

Healthy Child Healthy World, Checklist: Top Ten Genetically Engineered Food Crops at www.healthychild.org

www.naturalnews.com/024228.html

Chicken: Arsenic and antibiotics; Consumer Reports
NIH State-of-the-Science Conference on Tobacco Use: Prevention, Cessation and Control

www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/dcf/du.htm

baltimoresun.com/news/health/bal-te.medicine16oct16,0,5939770.story

bpsu.inopsu.com/publications/annual_reports/annual-report_2004.pdf

dukemednews.org/news/article.php?id_10001

Fletcher, A, et al;
Principles and Practice of Pharmaceutical Medicine, 2002; p184

www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-991070560.html

Mental Health American;
Factsheet: Bullying: What to do About It

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. School-associated student homicides-United States, 1992-2006. MMWR 2008; 57(02):33-6.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Youth risk behavioral surveillance-United States, 2009. MMWR 2010;59 (No. SS-5).

U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2012).
Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2011 (NCES 2012-002).

Rosenfeld, Alvin PhD, Nicole Wise; The Over-Scheduled Child

www.teen-beauty-tips.com/national-statistics-for-anorexia.html

Ross, S. and Heath, N. (2002). A study of the frequency of self-mutilation in a community sample of adolescents.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 32(1):67-78.

www.psychiatric-disorders.com/articles/warning-signs/self-mutilation.php

Radcliffe, J. (2004, March 28, 2004). Self-destructive "cutters" live their lives on the edge.
Los Angeles Daily News.

www.teendepression.org/articles5.html

www.childtrendsdatabank.org/indicators/70ViolentDeath.cfm

Paulson J. Accidental injuries. In: Behrman R, Vaughan VC, Nelson We, eds. Nelson textbook of pediatrics, 13
th ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Co., 1987: 211-214.

Glasauer FE, Cares HL. Traumatic paraplegia in infancy. JAMA 1972; 219: 38-41.

Taylor AR. The mechanism of injury to the spinal cord in the neck without damage to the vertebral column. J Bone Join Surg 1951; 33B: 543-547.

Hinwood JA, Hinwood JA. Children and chiropractic: a summary of subluxation and its ramifications. J Aust Chiro Assoc 1981; 11: 18-21.

www.chp.edu/CHP/P02974

www.cpsc.gov/cpscpub/pubs/085.html

NEISS Special study, April-December 1988, U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, Directorate Epidemiology, Division of Hazard Analysis, Wash. D.C.

www.playgroundsafety.org/safe/index.htm#playgrounds

Educational literature. National Head Injury Foundation. Wash. D.C. 20030

www.sportsafety.org/sports-injury-facts/

xapps.cpsc.gov/NEISSQuery/performEstimates.do

Dr. Keyed S. Khalil,
Backpack Safety for Children, 09/10/08

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